CORRUPTION HITS THE POOR HARDEST
Poor families in Mexico spend an estimated one-fifth of their income on petty bribes: Bribery in public services cost the economy 32 billion pesos (US$ 2.6 billion) in 2010.
Source: TI Mexico, Communicado de Prensa (2011)
In Bangladesh, 84% of the households of Bangladesh who had interacted with one or more of different public and private service sectors or institutions have been victims of corruption in 2010. 33% of these people experienced corruption in healthcare services.
Source: TI Bangladesh, ‘Corruption in the Services Sectors: National Household Survey 2010’ (December 2010)
Findings from a seven-country study in Africa — Ghana, Madagascar, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Uganda — showed that 44 per cent of the parents surveyed had paid illegal fees for schools that were legally free for their children.
Source: Transparency International: Africa Education Watch
AID AND BUDGET MISUSE
Due to corruption in Indonesia, it is estimated that nearly one-fifth of the rice distributed for an anti-povertyprogramme disappeared.
Source: Journal of Public Economics, ‘Corruption and the costs of redistribution: Micro evidence from Indonesia’, 90 (4-5) p. 853 – 870.
87 per cent of funds allocated for non-wage school costs in Uganda never reach the intended schools
Source: World Bank
In South Africa, 27 per cent of principals never receive their budgets on time. In Cameroon half of state primary schools have problems with their buildings: only 19 per cent of schools have working toilets, and barely 30 per cent have enough tables and benches for student
Source: Transparency International: TISDA
FOREIGN INVESTMENT DISCOURAGED
Countries that score badly on the World Bank’s Doing Business Indicators also score badly on the Corruption Perceptions Index, including Chad, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo, all ranking in the bottom 15 countries on both tables. This suggests that highly corrupt countries also have difficulty attracting business.
Source: Inferred from comparing Doing Business Index, World Bank Group, (2010), against Corruption Perceptions Index, TI (2010)
Based on a survey of 214 executives, 28 per cent opted not to do business in a country due to bribery and corruption issues.
Source: KPMG, ‘Global Anti-Bribery and Corruption Survey 2011’
In a survey of more than 350 businesses worldwide, 35% of companies had been deterred from an otherwise attractive investment because of the host country’s reputation for corruption.
Source: Control Risks, Facing up to Corruption: A practical business guide, (2007)